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Top 3 Learning Disabilities in Singapore

Every parent wants the very best for their child. The best health care, the best schools, and the best opportunities in life. When your child has a learning disability, it can seem like a constant uphill battle to give the best opportunities in life for your precious child. It doesn’t have to be that way. There are awareness programs throughout the country that help with support, information, and community groups for all kinds of learning disabilities. Three of the most prevalent learning disabilities in Singapore are Autism, Dyslexia, and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Here we discuss these three learning disabilities and the resources available to help parents. (Read more about Top 3 Mental Illnesses in Singapore)

Autism

Top 3 Learning Disabilities in Singapore

Top 3 Learning Disabilities in Singapore

Autism, as well as Asperger’s Syndrome and Pervasive Developmental Disorder, are considered disorders of the Autism Spectrum (ASD’s). There are strict guidelines for the diagnosis of Autism in that symptoms must be present before age

three. Autism is a neural development disorder that is typically characterized by communication and social interaction impairment and frequently there is significant repetitive behavior. Even though it is known that Autism affects how the nerve cells and synapses connect and organize information that the brain processes, exactly how this disruption happens is not yet fully understood. There is a significant genetic bias to Autism even though the specific gene mutations are still unclear. Children with Autism can be difficult to show love and affection to because of their social interaction challenges. This certainly doesn’t intend to indicate that they are loved any less, simply that the normal ways of showing a parent’s affection and love are not always possible with an Autistic child. Hugs and kisses can garner what others would inaccurately dub as a tantrum and screaming. If you are the parent of a child with Autism, do not despair. There are resources to help parents of Autistic children. The Cognitive Development Learning Centre has a comprehensive program for teaching and enriching the lives of all children. With a professional environment designed to foster learning in special needs children, they can provide individual education programs to help your child develop and grow.

Dyslexia

Top 3 Learning Disabilities in Singapore

Top 3 Learning Disabilities in Singapore

Unfortunately, Dyslexia is a broad term that simply defines an impairment in being able to comprehend what is read. Dyslexia can affect language and verbal comprehension skills as well. It is estimated that 5 to 10 percent of the population may be impacted by dyslexia. Dyslexia is the most common learning disability and there is no cure, however,

those with dyslexia are able to learn to read and write with proper education and support. Proper training of techniques can help manage the disorder. The most beneficial aspect of intervention methods occur with early detection. The Cognitive Development Learning Center also specializes in education techniques to help students overcome the hurdles they often face with dyslexia. Dyslexia has no direct correlation to intelligence, or IQ. On the contrary, it is quite simply a misfiring between the eyes and the brain on how to interpret symbols such as letters and numbers. Once the details within the student’s specific ‘misfiring’ are identified, the student is very effectively taught how to interpret letters and numbers their own way so that they can begin to enjoy reading and comprehension of what they have read again. While it is true that an individual with dyslexia may always be a wee bit behind their classmates and peers, there is absolutely nothing to stop them from achieving their goals and successes, once the culprit – dyslexia – is identified.

ADHD

ADHD is the most commonly diagnosed, and studied psychiatric disorder in children. it is believed to affect between 3 and 5 percent of children globally. Unfortunately it is a chronic disorder as well, meaning that symptoms will follow the child well into adulthood. ADHD is a neurobehavioral or mental disorder that is often characterized by difficulty with attention or hyperactivity and also impulsiveness. Treatment is available for ADHD. A typical treatment plan will include medication, counseling, and behavior therapy. Most professionals agree that medication should not be the first course of treatment except in the most severe cases. Attempting non-medicinal treatments is ideal to first gauge the severity and how successful these treatments are before medicine is added, if it is added to the equation at all. There are ongoing heated debates about the diagnosis and subsequent medication-related treatments of ADHD in children. As indicated above, it is the most commonly diagnosed disorder in children. Opponents believe that the natural hyperactivity of children, especially boys, leads to mis-diagnosis and unnecessary medication. If your child is diagnosed with ADHD, it is recommended to first seek a second opinion and to second seek non-medication treatments first. If improvement is not seen, then proceed cautiously with medication treatments, watching for side effects and severe depression.

 

As with any medical condition, proper diagnosis and treatment can lead to successful results. If your child has been diagnosed with one of the learning disabilities above, or you suspect your child might have one, seek treatment from a qualified pediatrician who will likely refer you to a qualified psychiatrist for evaluation and diagnosis. Children with learning disabilities are unfortunately often negatively labelled as the public is generally misinformed by the myths of these learning disabilities, leading to dire consequences for young children.  Before embarking on any medicinal journeys, it is strongly recommended to get a second opinion. Once a proper diagnosis is obtained, you can begin to get on the road to finding a proper education support system for your child. Which is the first step to giving them all the opportunities in life you wish for them.

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